STUDYING IN CANADA – A GENERAL INTRODUCTION OF CANADA
Canada is the second largest country in the world, after Russia, and is located in the North America Region. Canadian borderline run from the Atlantic Ocean in the East to the Pacific Ocean in the West and Arctic Ocean in the North.
North West Canada borders Alaska, US. North East Canada is close to Greenland (Denmark). The East coast is close to the islands-cluster Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (France)
Canada is known for its cold and icy climate, but, actually, Canada climate is really diverse with 4 distinct seasons. In summer, average temperature can reach up to 35 degree Celsius, while in winter, average temperature can reach -25 degree Celsius. Usually, Canada weather is more temperate during spring and fall. Winter in Canada is usually cold and has heavy snow. Coastal cities such as Vancouver or Victoria usually have a temperate winter with chances of rain.
With a huge territorial area, Canada has more lakes than any other country in the world; these lakes hold a considerable amount of fresh water of the world. Additionally, there are a variety of glacier rivers in Rockies Canada and Coast mountain range, which are sites with breathtaking views that nature endow upon Canada.
Canada is famous for its forest system, diverse wildlife species with huge national and preservation parks.
Canada has more than 71.500 species in its flora and fauna, taking up to 20% of Earth’s flora and fauna, with 10% of the world forest, 25% of the world swamps, and 7% of the world sources of fresh water.
Canada officially became a multi-cultural nation in 1971. Canada enhances its multi-cultural society through encouraging every Canadian to participate in every aspect of life. Everyone, no matter their skin color or races, can participate in every subject such as society, culture, economy and politics as equal. Everyone has the right to be listened to and these rights are guaranteed in the Canadian Constitution as well as Canadian Charter.
Canada is a developed nation standing at number 10 in GDP worldwide, with a high life quality. This nation is also at number 4 in the world in total value of natural resources, which was approximated to be about 33.2 thousand billion USD in 2016.
Canada is well known for its government’s clarity, economic freedom, religious freedom. In the last 15 years, Canada is always in the top nation with highest human development rating according to the United Nations. Canada is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and a member of G8, one of the top 10 nation with largest commercial scale.
Canada has a population of more than 36.75 millions. Canada is also one of the nation within G7 with highest population growth.
English and French are officially recognized by the Canadian Constitution as national language- which means every law, announcement, and service provided by federal government must be represent in this two languages.
Canada educational system includes many public and private schools from kindergarten to colleges. Most of Canadian Universities are public school. As a result, education quality across Canada is mostly at a similar level.
School year starts at September and end at June. Middle school and high school ranges from grade 7 to grade 11 or 12, depending on state. From here students can go into colleges or universities.
There are many public and private middle schools in Canada. At these schools, students can choose programs that combine Canadian culture and English. Most middle schools do not ask for student to have English proficiency test score, as long as you have a good academic transcript. Starting their programs, students will take a multiple-choices test to determine if they need to take extra English courses aside from other academic courses.
Private Secondary School
Private secondary schools exist in every province. Many famous Canadian politicians and businessmen graduated from one of these private school. Every private school must register with Provincial or Regional Education Bureau and each school must qualify for every teaching and other related standards made by the bureau. Parents can choose a school for male only, female only or co-op school for their children. Many private schools have boarding programs, guaranteeing parents’ satisfaction during students studying abroad program.
Public Secondary School
Many Canadian Public school are starting to take in international students and this trend is growing at an ever-increasing rate. Public schools are locally managed by each respective School Board. International students policies and tuitions are different, depending on each province. Some public secondary schools have International Baccalaureate- IB. IB is approved in North America, which is equivalent to first year of college.
There are 175 educational institutions that are members of the Association of Canadian Community College. All these institutions serve the purpose of training future employees for businesses, industries, community services and college graduates looking for jobs as well as workers looking for opportunity to learn.
These community colleges are amazing with many fields such as information technology, mineralogy, ecology, hospitality, …. Full-time and part-time programs include healthcare, business, cultural enhancement, applied art, community services, …. Community colleges are dynamic, ever-changing institutions that fits in with economy and society demands.
University College, as its name might suggest, is the combination of University and College in Canada. Students might choose between 2 options: following a 2 years program and transfer into a university, or studying for 2-3 years and graduate with a occupational degree. University colleges usually have partnership program with a regional university for its transfer program.
Community college is a popular form of educational institution in Canada, specialize in training job expertise from 1 to 3 years (including internship). Several community colleges have transfer program, allowing students to study courses that are equivalent to the first 2 years of a 4 years university program. After that, students continue to finish their program in university to get an university degree.
University Transfer Program
Students wanting to get university degree can finish their first 2 years at community colleges or university colleges and receive credits. Most credits can be transfer to other universities as finishing freshman year and sophomore year in university. However, students must do a thoroughly check to pick courses that suits intended university major. On the other hand, university transfer program does not mean that students get automatically accept by universities, students must also fulfill requirements of desired transfer university.
Technical Institute/ Career College
Technical Institutes are private institutions with programs that provide students with practical skills that are required by the job market in a brief time. Students looking for short programs in fields such as cinema, information technology, internet, graphic design, hospitality, … can follow technical institute/ career colleges program. These institutions are regulated by each province and can guarantee good standards and quality.
Canada has more than 95 well-known university in teaching and researching quality. As a result, Canadian degrees are accepted everywhere around the globe.
Canadian universities are funded by the government on a big scale and all of them have excellent quality, no matter the location or major, the amount of full time students can reach up to 1.000 to more than 35.000 each. These universities have many programs and grant all kind of degrees and diplomas, from bachelor, engineering degree to doctorate, occupational diploma. Tuition depends on each state, each school and each program. School year usually starts in September until May. Some universities have 2 or 3 semesters program, including summer. Each university has its own standards and requirements for accepting students’ enrollments.
Canada has two official languages, which mean that international students can go to Canada to study English in ESL programs or French in FSL programs. Many people choose to study English in Canada since there are many excellent English teaching schools and Canadian English voice sounds simple. After many years, Canada has developed its English teaching programs because many immigrants wanted to improve their English skills.
International students can take Intermediate English courses, Business English course or other situational courses. Moreover, students can also be trained to teach English.